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CSEC4 Intelligence and Interrogation Capacity and Capability Building

CSEC4 Intelligence and Interrogation Capacity and Capability Building

Governance of Tactical Questioning and Interrogation Operations

Although Human Intelligence (HUMINT) operations can make significant contributions to the intelligence landscape, Tactical Questioning (TQ) and Interrogation (I) can carry a huge risk to a Nations’ reputation and political standing on the international stage. 

In order to mitigate this risk, it is vital that a legally compliant policy relating to TQ and I operations is established and more importantly, is adhered to and controlled at all levels of Command.  This provides a much higher level of legal protection for Interrogators and guard against potential abuse and mistreatment of Captured Personnel.

Definitions and Training Courses

1. There are five disciplines within the Human Intelligence (HUMINT) spectrum:

a.  Debriefing

b.  Tactical Questioning

c.  Interrogation

d.  Surveillance

e.  Agent Handling (i.e. recruitment and cultivation of informants)

2. HUMINT is a highly specialised area; even the word “interrogation” can be very emotive. Therefore, listed below are the first three skills with a suggested course title, a definition of the skill and a list of key areas that could be delivered during courses.  (The list is by no means exhaustive and is merely a guide.)

3. Debriefing

Suggested course title: Operational Debriefing Course


The formal and systematic questioning of selected, willing individuals by trained personnel in order to gather information relating to specific Intelligence Requirements.

Subjects covered include:

a.  Operational sequence of a debrief

b.  Questioning Techniques and strategies

c.  Behavioural Symptoms Analysis and Non-Verbal Communication

d.  The intelligence cycle

e.  Report writing


a.  Strategic Debriefing Programme/Intelligence Services

b.  Local Police Force

c.  Immigration Agencies/Border Force

4. Tactical Questioning

Suggested course title: Tactical Debriefing Course


The systematic extraction of information from detained individuals, the value of which would deteriorate or be lost altogether if questioning was delayed until a trained interrogator could be made available. Primarily used to screen high value personnel for detailed long term questioning and to obtain time sensitive actionable intelligence.

Subjects covered include:

a.  Shock of capture: Psychological pressures and how to exploit them 

b.  Detainee handling and legal standards

c.  Approaches: styles of questioning

d.  Intelligence Requirement management and debrief planning

e.  Triage of detainees


a.  Special Forces

b.  Local Police Force

c.  Armed Forces

5. Interrogation

Suggested course title: Specialist Debriefing Course


The systematic extraction of information from selected unwilling individuals by a trained and qualified interrogator.  Extended questioning including the use of ploys while adhering to humane practices consistent with all applicable international law. 

Subjects covered include:

a.  Short/long term ploys

b.  Advanced Behavioural Symptoms Analysis and Non-Verbal Communication

c.  Detainee management

d.  Motivation and mind set of detainees

e.  Long term questioning strategies


a.  Intelligence Services

b.  Other selected personnel

Our Specialist Trainers

Our trainers are former British Army Intelligence professionals, who are specialised in legally compliant Debriefing, Tactical Questioning and Interrogation in both benign and hostile environments.

Our trainers have all successfully completed rigorous specialised training at the UKs Defence Intelligence and Security Centre and are all highly experienced in training and mentoring Personnel from disparate Government Agencies and Military Departments. 

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